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I’ve written about photographing familiar locations many times, yet it remains a challenge for many, including myself. Novelty is, of course, one of the main reasons we think better photographs are available elsewhere, instead of in the same familiar places. I know the feeling well since I’ve been guilty of thinking the same thing.

The excitement of visiting a new location is real, and there’s nothing wrong with travel and discovery. In fact, travel is one of the things I enjoy most in general, especially when photography is involved.

New places inspire us to look more closely and see with fresh eyes. There seems no end to the immense variety and depth of nature’s beauty when you explore this beautiful planet we live on. It’s the reason I continue to do workshops in inspiring places like the southwest. It’s easier to connect with nature when you’re surrounded by it in it’s most pristine state.

But nature is everywhere and “seeing with fresh eyes” is more about your mindset than what’s actually in front of you. I also think that what we want most of all is to be able to capture what we see and feel, regardless of where we are.

We want to be better photographers and better storytellers. Novelty helps, but “seeing” is what makes the difference. This is why I continue to visit familiar locations over and over again. It increases my ability to find another perspective, another viewpoint, another way of seeing light.

It also gives me yet another opportunity to get lucky. We can’t predict nature, and you can be sure that there will always be a unique combination of circumstances at some point that isn’t quite like what you’ve experienced in the past, regardless of how often you’ve visited.

That’s how this image came about and why I could never have predicted it even though I’ve visited this shoreline hundreds of times. In fact, I often avoid this spot since the opportunities are limited most of the time.

Arriving right around sunrise, the light was strong and direct, and I focused on the scene away from the sun out towards the opposite shore of the Hudson River. At some point, however, the light changed. I looked back towards the sun to see that many clouds had suddenly appeared creating a dramatic backlighting effect in the sky and also along the surface of the river.

What had been up to that point totally familiar to me suddenly became unfamiliar and exciting. I saw shapes, and texture, and an interesting pattern and rhythm in the ice floating on the water leading up to the sky. I forgot about where I was and simply reacted to the visual stimulus and how it made me feel.

“Wow. that’s interesting…Never expected this.”

That sudden shift is all it takes. A sense of curiosity about a creative possibility, no matter how small or unclear it may seem at first. How do I simplify all these shapes on the river? How do I diminish the shoreline and all its distractions? How do I unify all the different elements in the scene?

The answers require simpler questions: What am I most responding to visually? What am I truly noticing? For me, it was the light reflecting on the water and its effect on the ice in front of me—the tension between warm and cool. Energy, movement, dynamics, depth. The opposite of static.


Composing the scene horizontally made it more complex, adding more shapes (ice) that would distract. They didn’t add anything to the scene—all I needed was right in front of me. So I switched to a vertical orientation, which simplified the scene and strengthened the composition from top to bottom. Then I anchored the foreground with the two large blue shapes starting at the bottom left.

This is critical. It simplifies the foreground and allows the eye to travel up the diagonal until it reaches the warmer light which then carries the viewer up to the middle ground and then the sky. Elimination is the key here, or as the saying goes, less is more.

I’m also aware that the light in the sky is getting brighter, so I need to work fast before the sun returns and the opportunity is over. I check every edge and corner of the frame to be sure it’s all in balance. I cut the bottom piece of ice at it’s left edge, but the larger piece needs to be whole to compete the leading line up towards the right and back left again.

I also want to make sure I include some sky to get the brightly lit clouds away from the top edge, otherwise, it leads the eye out to the frame. Finally, I check exposure, allowing a slight amount of the light in the sky to clip, focus at the edge of the second block of ice, and use an aperture of f/11 on my Olympus E-M1 to generate adequate depth of field.

I used a prime 12mm lens (24mm in 35mm format) so there’s no decision about focal length—I work with what I see through the viewfinder, and move the tripod forwards or backward to refine the composition. I also try to avoid falling into the cold water!

This is the path I want the viewer to navigate – there are other things to explore, but this establishes the center of interest (large bock of ice) and the tension between warm and cool.


The green shows the major repeating shapes in the image, and the yellow the minor shapes that continue that pattern, adding to unity.



Back in the studio and in Lightroom Classic, I’m underwhelmed by this image at first, preferring some others which seem better. It’s not until I return to the images a few days later that I realize this image more closely conveys what I remembered from that cold morning.

This is not uncommon for me, and I’ve grown used to it—in fact, I rely on it to provide some sense of perspective. Time lets me relinquish my desire for a good image, my attachment to an outcome, and I can simply look for something that resonates.

It’s taken many years to do this, and I still get seduced by my own bias – after all, it’s my image. But it gets easier. Thinking of every photo opportunity as an experiment is a great way to let go of desired outcomes.

Aside from the basic adjustments, I add important dodging and burning adjustments to emphasize the elements I want the viewer to see, and the path I want them to follow. Letting the deep shadows in the foreground go to almost black is also very important—it simplifies the image and makes the light that much more dramatic. Once again, less is more.


This image is about light and about drama. It needs rich shadows in order to emphasize that, and so a high-density paper like Canson Infinity Platine Fibre Rag is ideal.

A textured matte paper would indeed complement all the textures in the image, but the lack of density would leave the light less supported; weaker. The higher density of Platine provides a deeper, darker foundation for the mid-tones and highlights, conveying the sense of backlight I experienced.

I printed it at 13” x 19” (A3+) on 310gsm Platine Fibre Rag on my Canon Pro-1000 and was very happy with the results.

There was more shadow detail in the image, but I left then “unseen” in order to simplify the seen and clarify what I saw and felt.


Here you can see the very subtle but beautiful texture that Platine provides, adding just enough surface detail that adds dimension to the print.

Thanks as always for reading and letting me share my experiences of image making with you. I share the details because I think they are important—it’s the subtle details that often determine how successful we are as photographers. I always appreciate your questions and feedback – leave them below. 

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This Post Has 12 Comments

  1. Again, Robert, these stories (or “Photojournals”) from conception (the outdoor experience) to print, are so helpful! I so very much appreciate them!

  2. Absolutely gorgeous image.

    I love your comment “Time lets me relinquish my desire for a good image, my attachment to an outcome, and I can simply look for something that resonates.”

  3. Hi Robert;

    Looking forward to the Spring in the Southwest workshop in May. I am posting here as the discussion may be of interest and be helpful to others.

    The “near-far” approach helps the psychological perceptions or realization of scale on a two-dimensional surface,. The long-recognized challenge of sharpness over the entire image leads one along two separate paths – the technical one, and the psychological one: the
    perception of overall sharpness, (which I think is a sign of craftsmanship).

    The former provides technical sharpness, the latter, the perceptions of detail and excitement, particularly in the shadows and highlights. I particularly enjoyed this series of the Hudson River photographs for these reasons. The depth of field is superbly crafted, and the sense of granularity in the ice and snow gives one an emotional satisfaction, (having felt lived with such ice and snow in Canada).

    The foundation of the technical problem of sharpness, which is always a compromise, is of course the circle of confusion produced by light when converging either before or after the film/sensor plane. The solution has always been to “stop – down”, (Group f64 in the 20’s, for example). The calculations were complex then, but today we have “iPad app solutions” to make the calculations quickly available.

    Prior to attending this May’s Spring in the Southwest workshop, we have been experimenting with this very problem – compositions which attend both sharpness & near-far photographic work so that we’re up to speed on the technical and can concentrate upon seeing and upon composition.

    I’d be very interested in your views on any/all of the above, and on “the way”, in terms of striving for craftsmanship so as to make technique transparent to the image itself.

    Don Hudson
    British Columbia,

    1. Two technical solutions that I’m aware of:

      1) The expensive solution: tilt-shift lens.

      2) The much less expensive solution: focus stacking.

      The second approach is satisfactory for many though not perfect (as I’ve heard mention by a widely recognized photographer). I think it’s all about ones technical standards and budget.

      I deal with this issue all the time, and in the interest of keeping refraction under control, I’m realizing I’m overlooking cases where I probably need to record a set of images for focus-stacked post-processing. I too use an app a lot for calculating hyperfocal distance and the limits of DOF (both near and far). For the particular lenses I use, I try to shoot at not greater than f/11 and if necessary, occasionally shoot at f/16 (FF equivalent).

    2. Hi Don, thanks for the feedback and food for thought. Also looking forward to working with you in Utah this spring.

      The issue of “depth of field” is fraught with competing ideas, ie. “technical sharpness front to back” vs “suggestive sharpness in deference to compositional strength.” That is to say, front to back sharpness, being just one aspect of a successful image, should never become the sole goal. You can achieve a sense of deep perspective without having absolute sharpness front to back. There are many other factors – color (and temperature), tone, and perspective (lines, shapes, etc).

      Landscape painters showed us that centuries ago.

      John F Kensett, Lake George
      Sharp front to back? Lack of perspective?

      As for my technique, I prefer the simplest method – know my gear and its strengths and weaknesses, and then work within those limitations. I almost never use anything smaller than f/16 on my 35mm DSLR because diffraction is an issue. So I limit my compositions to the minimum distance of “near” subject based on hyper focal distance, and forget the rest. It also depends on whether the foreground sharpness can be “graduated” or not. That means the viewers eye will “move” towards sharpness, and the composition does the rest.

      That’s how I composed the image here. The ice at the very bottom of the image is somewhat soft, but if that is a liability, then i have failed compositionally. In other words, the message matters more than the medium. I may be in the minority with respect to other “current” photographers, but a longer look at history tells a different story I think.

      But I appreciate other perspectives and what works for others is totally valid. What’s important is to never lose sight of what your trying to say, and never sacrifice your “vision.”

      1. Hi Robert,

        I get it, and I admire your approach!

        You say “I limit my compositions to the minimum distance of “near” subject based on hyper focal distance, and forget the rest. It also depends on whether the foreground sharpness can be “graduated” or not.”

        So what if I’ve framed my composition the way I want it (that includes a choice for an approximate target focal length for purposes of perspective and/or DOF) and yet the the foreground subject is less than the “near” subject based on the hyperfocal distance? If a back up, my composition changes (and to reframe the composition, the focal length goes up, and thus the DOF goes down — for a given f stop). Do you just compensate post-processing by cropping? Thanks!

      2. Hi Hillel – it’s difficult to give you a specific answer because it really depends on the situation and every photo is different. But in general, I simply move and re-compose, perhaps changing my focal length every so slightly, which in general doesn’t change DOF in a significant way. ie. 19mm to 20mm. If I’m using a prime lens, then I just improvise. I know that’s not a satisfactory answer, but it’s more a function of a mindset, which for me lets me work in a much simpler, less technically restricted way.

        I’ve obsessed over the technical issues in the past, and I’ve discovered it hinders my overall creativity and enjoyment, not to mention the real reason I photograph, which is to experience the moment. That became much easier for me when I let go of the rigidity that photography can often impose on us, and simply follow the light. There is a book on “minimalism for landscape photographey” in the works, and many of my ideas will be elaborated there -stay tuned.

  4. Brrrrr!
    Beautiful image. Thank you for taking the time to share your process and journey. Your commitment to share and help others has made a fundamental difference in my photography and enjoyment for learning.

  5. Robert, first thanks much for answering my question about tension. I now have a deeper understanding and will experiment in the field what you explained. The link you provided, Ice on the Hudson, was exceptionally helpful. When you explain using all these visual clues it makes such a difference. Thanks for spending time doing this.


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